Evolutionary Tree
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Classification
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The evolutionary tree shown is not complete it only shows the main divisions of the fungi kingdom and the family's that I have photos for. The major divisions are based upon the reproductive structures, and similarities in life cycles. As further research continues, their position within the evolutionary tree can change. 
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Kingdom: Fungi
 Division: Eumycota (septate fungi)
  Subdivision: Ascomycotina
   Class: Euascomycetes
    Subclass: Leotiomycetidae.
     Order: Helotiales
      Family: Bulgariaceae
Family: Cyttariaceae
Family: Leotiaceae
Family: Geoglossaceae
Family: Helotiaceae
Family: Vibrisseaceae
    Subclass: Pezizomycetidae
     Order: Pezizales
      Family: Discinaceae
Family: Pezizaceae
Family: Pyronemataceae
Family: Sarcoscyphaceae
Family: Sarcosomataceae
    Subclass: Pyrenomycetidae
     Order: Xylariales
      Family: Xylariacea
     Order: Hypocreales
      Family: Hypocreaceae
Family: Clavicipitaceae
     Order: Sordariales
      Family: Lasiosphaeriaceae
     Order: Eurotiales
      Family: Trichocomaceae
  Subdivision: Basidiomycotina
   Class: Hymenomycetes
    Subclass: Holobasidiomycetidae
(Homobasidiomycete Fungi)
(substantial mushrooms)
     Order: Agaricales
      Family: Agaricaceae
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Family: Clavariaceae
Family: Coprinaceae
Family: Cortinariaceae
Family: Entolomataceae
Family: Hydnangiaceae
Family: Marasmiaceae
Family: Pleurotaceae
Family: Pluteaceae
Family: Schizophyllaceae
Family: Strophariaceae
Family: Tricholomataceae
     Order: Boletales
      Family: Boletaceae
Family: Boletinellaceae
Family: Coniophoraceae
Family: Calostomataceae
Family: Gyrodontaceae
Family: Paxillaceae
Family: Rhizopogonaceae
Family: Sclerodermataceae
Family: Suillaceae
     Order: Cantharellales
      Family: Cantharellaceae
Family: Clavulinaceae
Family: Hydnaceae
     Order: Dacrymycetales
      Family: Dacrymycetales
     Order: Gomphales
      Family: Gomphaceae
Family: Hysterangiaceae
Family: Phallaceae
     Order: Hymenochaetales
      Family: Hymenochaetaceae
     Order: Polyporales
      Family: Atheliaceae
Family: Ganodermataceae
Family: Gloeophyllaceae
Family: Meripilaceae
Family: Podoscyphaceae
Family: Polyporaceae
Family: Steccherinaceae
     Order: Russulales
      Family: Auriscalpiaceae
Family: Corticiaceae
Family: Hericiaceae
Family: Meruliaceae
Family: Rusulaceae
Family: Stereaceae
     Order: Thelephorales
      

Family: Bankeraceae
Family: Thelephoraceae

    Subclass: Phragmobasidiomycetidae
(Heterobasidiomycete Fungi)
     Order: Auriculariales
      Family: Auriculariaceae
     Order: Tremellales
      Family: Exidiaceae
Family: Tremellaceae
Family: Tremellodendropsidaceae
 
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Subdivision: Deuteromycotina (imperfect fungi)
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Fungi of this Subdivision lack a sexual stage and are consequently called the Fungi Imperfecti because their life cycles are "imperfect". Most reproduce by conidia. The majority are the microscopic moulds important as pathogens. Many fungal diseases that infect humans belong to this subdivision. 
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Subdivision: Zygomycotina (coenocytic fungi)
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Are the only class of fungi whose mycelium is normally aseptate. Septate typically only form to delineate reproductive structures or to isolate damaged portions of mycelium. They reproduce by either sexual or asexual means and have simple reproductive bodies then Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes. Most are moulds e.g. pin mould, as seen on bread.
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Division: Lichens
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A lichen is not a single organism, but rather it's a combination of two organisms which live together intimately. Most of the lichen is composed of fungal filaments, but living among the filaments are algal cells. See the Forest Lichen pages.
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Related Links
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This page only shows some of the major fungi groups. For more detail try some of these links, and hopefully not become as confused as I in trying to make some sense of it all.
LinkReino: Fungi
LinkFinnish Fungi list
LinkTaxonomy Browser (Fungi)
 
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