Finding Fungi
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Find a good quility specimens to photograph is going to be your biggest challenge and as already mentioned be prepared to spend plenty of time looking. Don't expect to go out once and come home with that competition winning photo or you are going to be very disappointed or very lucky! 
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Searching
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Take a friend or two with you, small groups of 2-4 people can search a larger area more thoroughly and improve your chances. Or choose a near buy bush reserve or track and visit it weekly from April to August. Learn where the fungi can be found as many will reappear in the same location each season.

There is two different search methods used one is to cover a large area very thoroughly, only works if the forest is reasonably open. The other is simply follow the walking tracks searching both side as you go.

I tend to use both methods I follow the track till I spot a fungus then search an area around this. Its surprising how many different fungi will often accrue in the same localised area. Then not find any more for another 100 meters or so down the track.
 
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Seasons
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Fungi like all things in nature follow the flow of seasons with autumn been the peek time for fruiting with a lesser numbers found during winter. Then another but smaller peek in spring. There are exceptions in a poor seasons there may only be a small peek in autumn and very few fungi throughout winter/ spring. 
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Rain and Temperature
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Rainfall and to some degree temperature has much to do with fruiting body production. In saying this your geographic location, altitude and habitat type also have there parts to play. For example here in New Zealand the South Island were it snows its likely to have a very short season were here in Auckland the season starts in May and goes thorough to August. Were's the central plato (higher altitude) has a very early season with fungi been found even as early as March.Species numbersSpecies numbers
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Secession
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Fungi species also follow a sequence through the season with different fungi fruiting at different times. Russula's are first often after the first rains of autumn followed by the Boletus and the Lepiota's. Later in the season when its much wetter and colder the waxgills can be found. Again there is no hard and fast rules or at lest none the fungi will follow. Then there are many fungi that are just plain opportunists such as Auricularia cornea or Coprinus micaceus which will fruit when ever conditions suit (plenty of rain) even if its the middle of summer. 
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Distribution
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The distribution of fungi is not well understood I have over the years noticed that some fungi seemed to be restricted to not only one particular bush reserve but to small areas with in it. You then have to travel along way or even to another region before finding the same species again.

This may in part be due to very little collecting and identifying that accrues and the loss off or fragmentation of native forest habitats, Climate and geographic location also have there parts to play.
 
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