Family: Agaricaceae
line
Fungi:> Basidiomycota:> Agaricomycetes:> Agaricales:> Agaricaceae:> Agaricus, Bovista, Calvatia, Chlorophyllum, Coprinus,, Leucoagaricus, Leucocoprinus, Lycoperdon, Morganella, Macrolepiota, Melanophyllum
line
This family contains several large genera of gilled saprobic fungi both native and introduced exotics that grow on the ground or organic debris, such as wood chip mulch.

Recently DNA evidence has moved a number of other family's such as Lepiotaceae, Lycoperdaceae also into the Agaricaceae.
 
line
Genus: Agaricus (Spore print dark brown to chocolate brown)
line
The gills are free, or almost free, from the stipe, and initially are covered by a partial veil which breaks to leave a well defined annulus, or ring, around the stipe. The spore are blackish, or dark brown, or pink in young specimens. Unfortunately little research has gone into this group so many of the natives are unnamed.
 
Agaricus arvensis
Agaricus arvensis
(white form)

Agaricus arvensis
(yellow form)
Agaricus campestris
Agaricus campestris
var campestris
Agaricus campestris cf. var floccipes
Agaricus campestris
cf. var floccipes
 
Agaricus lanipes
Agaricus lanipes
Agaricus praeclaresquamosus
Agaricus praeclaresquamosus
Agaricus sp.
Agaricus species
Agaricus sp.
Agaricus species
 
line
lineGenus: Coprinus (Black Spored) Genus: Melanophyllum  
line

line Partial veil present, often leaving fragments on cap
edge. Spore print reddish or greenish when fresh,
drying darker brown
 
Coprinus comatus
Coprinus comatus
Melanophyllum echinatum
Melanophyllum echinatum
 

 

line
Lepiota and related fungi (White Spored)
line
Lepiota and allied fungi are fleshy saprobic gilled fungi similar in macro-characters to the Agarics but with a white or pale spore print. Gills are free from the stem with partial veils that typically leaves a ring on the stem that maybe loose. The spores are smooth, dextrinoid under a microscope. Some members are good eating while others are poisonous unfortunately this group of fungi have never been studied in New Zealand thus many are not named.

Those that are named have ever been introduced or are also native to Australia. It's a challenge to place them into the right genus and needs careful study of the keys.

The diffrent genus can be identifyed by:
Chlorophyllum - large, shaggy mushrooms whose stems stain orange when cut or scratched.

Leucocoprinus - Tthe smallest (<5cm across) and most delicate with a well developed ring and somewhat granular membranous scales on the cap but not truly cottony. Often with striate margins in age.

Cystolepiota - small (<5cm across) mushrooms with cottony scales (that might wear off) and a poorly developed ring. Never striate.

Leucoagaricus - with either no cap scales or regular membranous scales. Leucoagaricus is more likely to be larger then Leucocoprinus
 
line
lineGenus: Cystolepiota Genus: Chlorophyllum  
line
lineA small mushrooms with cottony scales that might wear off withage and a poorly developed ring. Never striate. This genus contains several large shaggy mushrooms whose stems stain orange when cut or scratched, with a double ring on the stalk.  
Cystolepiota petasiformis
Cystolepiota petasiformis
line Chlorophyllum rachodes
Chlorophyllum rachodes
 
line
Genus: Leucoagaricus    
line
Except for a few introduced species, most Leucoagaricus are not named in New Zealand, even though they are common. Found early in the season in large numbers within native bush, many are quite distinctive and easily recognised, while others are not so. Separating these from the similar Leucocoprinus is not so easy. They have no cap scales or regular membranous scales, with a ring which is initially fixed (but later may be movable). These are likely to be larger than Leucocoprinus.
 
Leucoagaricus americanus
Leucoagaricus americanus
Leucoagaricus leucothites
Leucoagaricus leucothites



 
line
Leucoagaricus Unidentified
line
Leucoagaricus sp.
Leucoagaricus species
Leucoagaricus sp.
Leucoagaricus species
Leucoagaricus sp.
Leucoagaricus species
Leucoagaricus sp.
Leucoagaricus species
 
Leucocoprinus sp.
Leucocoprinus species
       
line
Genus: Leucocoprinus
line
Separating Leucocoprinus from Leucoagaricus can be very difficult. They tend to be smaller, and most are delicate, with a well-developed ring and somewhat granular membranous scales on the cap, but not truly cottony. Often with striate margins in age. Like the Leucoagaricus, only introduced species are named, while few, if any, native species are not. 
 
Leucocoprinus birnbaumii Leucocoprinus cepistipes
Leucocoprinus cepistipes
Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
Leucocoprinus sp.
 
line
lineLeucocoprinus Unidentified Genus: Macrolepiota  
line
lineThere are many small Leucocoprinus species found in NZ which appear early in the season unfortunately as far as I know there has been little attempt to name them. A native to both New Zealand and Australia believed to be quite tasty  
Lepiota sp.
Leucocoprinus species
lineLeucocoprinus sp.Leucocoprinus species Macrolepiota clelandii
Macrolepiota clelandii
  ```
line
Puffballs
line
These were until recently in the Lycoperdaceae family but now from DNA evidence are place here instead. Puffballs have soft, fleshy texture, which remains white inside until they reach nearly full size. The spores them selves are entangled amongst a brown cotton wool-like fibre, which ensures that they drift out sparingly over a period of time.  
line
lineGenus: Bovista Genus: Calvatia  
line
line In this genus spores are released by irregular cracking of the wall.  
line
Bovista sp.
Bovista species
line Calvatia species
Calvatia species
Calvatia gigantea
Calvatia gigantea
 
line
lineGenus: Lycoperdon Unidentified  
line
Lycoperdon perlatum
Lycoperdon perlatum
lineLycoperdon excipuliforme
Lycoperdon excipuliforme
Unknown sp.
Lycoperdon species
  Lycoperdon excipuliforme (Scop.) Schaeff. (1774)
line
Genus: Morganella
line
Morganella compacta
Morganella compactum
Morganella speciesMorganella species      
line
 
line
The Hidden Forest | Forest Fungi | Site Map Up